UNDER EMBARGO UNTIL 11 NOVEMBER AT 2:00 AM GENEVA TIME
Geneva, 11 November 2016 – The Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis, also known as the starry sky beetle, is native to eastern Asia but has successfully invaded North America and Europe where it infests maple, birch, willow, elm, and poplar trees. Published in the journal Genome Biology, an international team of scientists report on the sequencing, annotation, and comparative exploration of this beetle’s genome in an effort to develop novel tools to combat its spread and better understand the biology of invasive wood-boring pests. The project involved scientists from more than 30 research institutions worldwide, including from the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics and the University of Geneva (UNIGE). The results begin to help unravel the complex genetic and genomic basis for the invasiveness of the Asian longhorned beetle and the evolutionary success of how beetles exploit plants.
Adult male Asian longhorned beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis). Photos courtesy of David Lance.
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UNDER EMBARGO UNTIL 21 SEPTEMBER AT 7:00PM LAUSANNE TIME
Lausanne, 21 September – Australia has one of the longest histories of continuous human occupation outside Africa. But who exactly were the first people to settle there? Such a question has obvious political implications and has been hotly debated for decades. The first comprehensive genomic study of Aboriginal Australians reveals that they are indeed the direct descendants of Australia’s earliest settlers and diverged from their Papuan neighbours about 37’000 years ago (y.a.). The study also uncovers several other major findings on early human populations. The research is published today in Nature and is the result of a close collaboration between international research teams and representatives of Aboriginal Australian communities. It includes six researchers from the SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics – among whom, lead author Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas and group leader Laurent Excoffier, both from the University of Bern.
Aboriginal art inspired Australian map by Stephen Gowland (Kiaco). The colours are also found in the Aboriginal Australian flag where “black represents the Aboriginal people of Australia, red, the red ochre colour of earth and a spiritual relation to the land and yellow, the sun, the giver of life and protector”. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) license.