A genome can inform life scientists on how a species has evolved over time. Phylogeny studies the phenotypic and genetic closeness of species, displaying the evolution of life forms as phylogenetic trees.
Bioinformatics tools are able to read a species’ genome, and thereby understand its evolution and build phylogenetic trees. In this way and as an example, life scientists have acquired a greater understanding of human migration in the past, the genetic closeness of hens and dinosaurs and the evolutionary history of grass.
At SIB, several groups are working on the topic evolution and phylogeny
as their main field of activity:
as one field among others: